It’s been a decade that I’ve been covering college radio on Radio Survivor, which was one of the topics that we discussed on our 200th episode of the podcast/radio show this week. It was a treat to have another rare episode with all four Radio Survivor principals: Matthew Lasar, Paul Riismandel, Eric Klein and myself. We all dug into our deep histories with this project of covering radio from a participant and fan’s perspective and I specifically reflected back on how I got started writing about college radio culture back in 2008 on my Spinning Indie blog.
Radio Survivor launched in 2009 and our podcast began four years ago in 2015. My original intent with Spinning Indie was to shine a light on every pocket of college radio culture so that participants could get some perspective about what’s happening at stations across the United States. I also worked to remind the general public about the important role that college radio plays in media and hoped that people who weren’t listening to college radio would be prompted to tune in to a station in their community or even one that’s far afield.
Eleven years after doing my first college radio-themed blog post for Spinning Indie, it’s gratifying to still be carrying on my original mission, largely at Radio Survivor. Not only do I attempt to do college radio news wrap-ups weekly (as I’ve been doing since 2013!), but I also regularly do field trip reports from my tours of over 100 college radio stations and share various college radio stories on the podcast. It’s also super exciting that the radio version of the Radio Survivor show now airs on five college radio station affiliates in the United States, Canada and Ireland. Long live college radio!Donate and Get our Inaugural ‘Zine
We’re trying something new at Radio Survivor and will be launching a ‘zine this summer for our Patreon supporters. If you can pitch in as little as $5/month, you’ll get a copy of our hand-crafted publication, full of quirky and fun radio stories and illustrations by the Radio Survivor team and extended family. As always, thanks to everyone for reading, listening and supporting our efforts.More College Radio News New Stations and Station Revivals
- Wilmington College’s First Student Radio Station Launches (Wilmington News Journal)
- Ravenshaw Radio to Resume Operations Soon (Odisha Daily)
- Celebrating 50 Years of KTUH (Manoa Now)
- WSOU to Cover NYC Fireworks Show Live (WSOU)
- American Routes Shortcuts: Jim Lauderdale (WWNO)
- BHSU Alum Receives Investigative Journalism Award (Black Hills Pioneer)
- Jason Bentley Tells Us Why He’s Stepping Down at KCRW (Los Angeles Magazine)
- FEU Communication Major Named Veritas Best Male Anchor (BusinessMirror)
The post College Radio Watch: 200th Podcast, Our ‘Zine + College Radio News appeared first on Radio Survivor.
How many times does your radio station run a liner that says, “Find us on the app,” or “Listen on your computer at work”? Now, how often have you put yourself in the position of an online listener?
It is true that, even in this connected age, most radio listeners are pulling their signals off the tower and into a radio. But a look at the ratings books tells us that a growing number of listeners are online. In New York, WFAN’s stream has maintained a 0.3 share 6+ over the last four months. KFI in Los Angeles saw its online stream rise to a 0.8 in May, topping 14 over-the-air signals. Add KFI’s OTA and streaming numbers together, and that AM news-talker is number four in the number two market. Chicago has one stream in the book, San Francisco-Oakland-San Jose has two, and Dallas-Fort Worth has five.[EAS Is Still Relevant as WEA Works Out Kinks]
This is a sign of the future. I often ask my college students to track a week of media consumption. When I started, the replies were the multiplatform mix you would expect. No more. This spring’s class was almost universally consuming media through their smartphones, and that was at one of the nation’s leading schools of journalism and mass communication.
Listeners expect what they hear on the stream to match what they hear on the radio. But for a variety of technical and sales reasons, there can be a major difference between the two. Some of those differences result in programming that would sound unacceptable, but it may seem no one in authority is listening.
Several years ago, I was introduced to the internet radio: a unit that looks like a tabletop radio but has a Reciva or similar chip that acts like a web browser for audio streams. I also have three radio apps on my smartphone. I spend many hours listening to streams from anywhere English is spoken. Too often, what I hear makes me cringe.
As an insider, I am patient and willing to put up with the occasional problem. But to a regular listener, some of what I hear would send me elsewhere. I would challenge a general manager, sales manager or program director to spend a week listening only to the streaming side of their stations. What they hear may be surprising (and not in a good way).STREAMING: FIRST IMPRESSIONS
Any real estate agent will tell you about the importance of curb appeal, the first-glance look at a property that can make or break a sale. Your online stream may open with pre-roll message. Its length matters, especially since it is something listeners do not get when turning on their radio.
There are two ways stations can stream: just putting the entire program online as it appears off the tower. Or with a separate set of commercials for online listeners.
That second category can be further broken down to listeners who get spots for local advertisers while listening to an out-of-market station. (It can be a bit disorienting to hear an ad for a Phoenix furniture store on the stream of a Cleveland radio station.)
That first option is the easiest to do and the one with the least obstacles. However, it is obvious that some stations send the programming to the stream early in the audio chain. If the stream is not split after the processing, the station may sound different.CHALLENGES
There are several challenges when the online and on-air commercials are separate:
- Timing: Sometimes a :30 is not a :30 and a :60 is not a :60. The online stopset plays out, then returns to the on-air program with the last few seconds of another commercial playing.
- Fill: When the CBS stations (prior to the Entercom acquisition) did not have an online commercial to run, listeners were treated to 30- to 120-seconds of a music bed and an announcer saying programming would return shortly. There is another group that covers with PSAs, but I have heard the same spot run back-to-back, or twice in the same break.
- Clash: This is what happens when the online automation and the on-air automation are not in sync. The on-air listeners hear a network newscast followed by a local update, a spot, and then traffic. The online listeners get the network newscast, a spot, the local update joined-in-progress, then the spot and traffic.
- Replacement: Some news-talk stations that have local newscasts and traffic reports replace them with spots in the online stream. Local listeners will notice the missing elements. Out-of-market listeners may be seeking to hear news from home or get an update on a breaking story directly from people in the market.
- Repetition: If a station has a dearth of online sponsors, that means fewer spots to schedule. If the advertiser has a rotation of one or two commercials, how often those ads repeat can quickly become obvious.
- Traffic: Your traffic team likely plays close attention to when on-air commercial runs are supposed to start and stop. Do they give the same attention to online scheduling? I was hearing the same ad for a Mother’s Day event well into June.
As more listeners live their lives online, there are potentially millions of reasons to consider the online stream equally as important as the OTA signal. Program directors give a lot of thought to ways to increase TSL. Any of these six problems could be a tune-out factor for online listeners. That is something no station can afford.
Kevin Curran holds a Ph.D. from the University of Oklahoma’s Gaylord College. His research interests include broadcast history and media management. He teaches at Arizona State University’s Walter Cronkite School and College of Integrative Sciences and Arts, Grand Canyon University and Paradise Valley Community College.
Comment on this or any article. Write to firstname.lastname@example.org.
Auction of Cross-Service FM Translator Construction Permits Closes; Winning Bidders Announced for Auction 100
It is not clear exactly when Walter Benjamin gave his second radio talk, titled “Street Trade and Markets in the Old and New Berlin.” The editor of a volume of his broadcasts that I consult, Lecia Rosenthal, thinks that it aired in late 1929 or early 1930 on Radio Berlin. But whenever it streamed, he served up a wonderful portrait of the Magdeburger Platz and Lindenstraße indoor market halls of the period.
” . . . above all, ” Benjamin noted, “there is the smell, a mix of fish, cheese, flowers, raw meat, and fruit all under one roof, which is completely different than the open air markets and creates a dim and woozy aroma that fits perfectly with the light seeping through the murky panes of lead framed glass.”
It is a wonderful passage. But in this diary entry, I just want to focus on one comment that Benjamin made. He was reflecting on how great it was to return to these halls, which he had not visited since his childhood. “And if I really want a special treat, I go for a walk in the Lindenstraße market in the afternoons between four and five,” he told his listeners. “Maybe someday I’ll meet one of you there. But we won’t recognize each other. That’s the downside of radio.”
Perhaps. Of course it was true that Benjamin’s listeners might not visually recognize him. But apparently it did not occur to the storyteller at that early point in his radio career that they might recognize him by his voice, such as when he spoke to a market stall merchant.
In my years writing about radio, many community radio station hosts have told me that they became truly hooked on broadcasting when, by accident, someone in their signal area recognized them as they spoke on the street or in a restaurant. Years ago I interviewed Don Foster, news/public affairs host at Pacifica stations WPFW-FM in Washington D.C. and KPFA-FM in Berkeley, California, for my second book on the Pacifica radio network. Foster described how he would sometimes hail D.C. taxis and the driver would identify him by his voice:
“One time I got in a cab in D.C. and I was going to do an interview with Jean-Bertrand Aristide, the president of Haiti, who I had met in Haiti once, and I got in the cab telling the guy I was going to the Haitian embassy, and the cab driver was a Haitian, and he says, “Are you Don Foster?” And I said, “Yeah.” And he says, “Oh, man, I listened to the report and the thing you did on Aristide!” And then when I got to the Haitian embassy he wouldn’t take my money. Wouldn’t take it [laughing]. I tried to throw it at him; so for me it was like the Academy Award, right?”Oral History interview with Don Foster, 2002
As for me, it has been a while since I regularly spoke on any radio station. But at the University of California at Santa Cruz, where I teach, I now run an online class in which students participate in streaming video discussion sections. The other day I was working out at a gym near the campus, when I noticed several students practicing somersaults. I told them how impressed I was with their acrobatics.
“Are you Professor Matthew Lasar?” one of them exclaimed. “I’m one of your online class students!” She identified herself by name and I remembered her from one of our email exchanges. What I found most interesting was that she obviously recognized me not because of my appearance, but via the sound of my voice. I would like to think that maybe my voice is distinctive. But it is just as likely that rather than watch the pre-recorded videos for our class, she just listened.
I do hope that at some point in Walter Benjamin’s radio career, someone heard him ordering some cheese or beer from a market vendor and cried out: “Omigod! You are Walter Benjamin! The guy who does those great talks on Radio Berlin. I loved your talk on the Berlin Schnauze. You are so awesome! We love your show!” It is one of the most satisfying moments for any radio host.
This is an ongoing diary that reacts to and reflects on Walter Benjamin’s radio talks.
The post Walter Benjamin radio diary entry #2: “the downside of radio.” appeared first on Radio Survivor.
It’s new equipment season again! The annual “Summer of Products” feature is all about new gear that has come onto the market in recent months. Here and in the next several issues we feature equipment that caught our eye. Also, check out our Buyer’s Guide to consoles, mixers and routers in this issue.
Hybrid Radio Making Strides
The promise of “hybrid” radio technology has yet to be realized, but while 2019 may not be a breakout year, participants say significant milestones are being met. The term hybrid radio refers to platforms to provide a seamless combination of broadcast radio and internet technologies.APPRECIATION
Strickland Taught the Industry About RF Safety
When it came to teaching engineers about RF safety, few could hold a candle — or an RF monitor — to Richard Strickland. During his long career, Strickland instructed thousands on topics related to RF radiation safety and compliance. He died in 2018 at age 73, following a long battle with cancer.
ALSO IN THIS ISSUE:
- Company Hopes to Make “Magic” for Radio
- Ignore the Sound of Streaming at Your Own Peril
- Radio Events: Bigger (and More Important) Than Ever
NAZARETH, Belgium — I have been passionate about music, video and IT from an early age, and in the last three years working at TVV Sound Project, I have been fortunate enough to be able to use this passion in my work. What I love most about working in the broadcast industry is being part of a company that can deliver a total package to our clients.
A customer comes to us with a dream, a vision about how their radio station should look and function and we have the ability to work everything out for them and bring it to life. This can range from designing their radio studio in a 3D model, designing custom HTML pages for controlling the studio, to designing logos and website with integration of the studio (metadata, visual radio, request, social media, etc.) The possibilities are almost unlimited with the resources we already have today.[Medialaan Renovates Qmusic and Joe Facilities]
Recently, we had the opportunity to work on such a project for Qmusic and Joe from the DPG media group. TVV has a longstanding relationship with Medialaan, and they had been using the Omnia.11 for audio processing for several years. They came to us looking to upgrade their facility by installing 11 new Omnia.9s, complete with all the trimmings of an AoIP environment. These Omnia.9s now handle all the audio processing of Joe FM and Qmusic (as well as all other channels on DAB+). We also installed five Telos Alliance Z/IPStream R/2s to handle all the station’s streams and a lot of xNodes to convert analog/digital I/O to AES67 or to be able to route and control other AES67 sources with Pathfinder. In addition, they also installed two Telos VX Engines as part of a brand new VX phone system.
All of these upgrades are monitored and controlled by two Axia Pathfinder Core PRO units. Pathfinder is being used in this facility for level detection for all FM and DAB+ channels through an HTML5 page with an overview of all channels with metering and status. If there are any errors or problems, there is a clear indication as well as instant notification through mailing. In addition they are also using an HTML5 page with maintenance buttons to adjust the Omnia.9 source (secondary source or internal player).
We always choose Telos Alliance products because we know from experience that these are the highest performance products on the market. We have replacements for all our units that are in service, but we’ve noted in practice that these must be used very rarely.[Qmusic and Joe To Begin DAB+ Broadcasts]
During the project, it was noted that an aspect of the Omnia.9 did not fully meet customer requirements. If the internal player of the Omnia.9 was activated, it started to play from the last position in the song. We reported this to Telos Support and immediately received an answer as to what they needed to add/change to meet these customer requirements. After a few days there was already an update with the solution. Now you can have the choice to have the emergency player play a song from the beginning of a track, just like the customer requested.
Broadcast is a sector that does not stand still. The evolution from analog to digital is inevitable and cloud-based systems are just around the corner. Innovative devices such as Pathfinder that can also be run as a server application are just one of the many examples of why I’m excited to see what tomorrow can bring, and what the future of broadcast will be.
For information, contact Cam Eicher at the Telos Alliance in Ohio at 1-216-241-7225 or visit www.telosalliance.com.
PARIS — DAB+ deployment in France is taking steps that are making it, slowly but surely, the platform of choice for radio across the country.Jean-Marc Dubreuil
Following initial launches in Paris, Nice and Marseille in 2014, and significant milestones achieved in 2018 (including launches in Lille, Lyon and Strasbourg areas), France is gearing up to launch DAB+ in Nantes and Rouen in the second part of 2019, while all eyes are already turning to 2020.
Looking back at the first half of 2019, one could mistakenly think that very little has happened on the DAB+ front, particularly when compared with 2018 , or to what 2020 has in store. “Au contraire.”
On July 4 July, Nantes, a city that has always been at the forefront of DAB+ (home to a very active commercial and community radio network, and one of the first cities in France to trial the technology), will officially launch DAB+, with 41 radio stations going on air via DAB+.
A combination of new programs, which could not broadcast in FM, and of simulcast, some radios extending their broadcast coverage thanks to DAB+, will be available to listeners in the region, the most eager of which jumped on the digital bandwagon during the early testing phases. The official launch of DAB+ in Rouen, to the northwest of Paris, will follow suit right after the summer break.
Many other metropolitan areas are also preparing for the arrival of DAB+ in 2020 — in July 2018, the French regulator CSA launched 15 calls for applications  (28 multiplexes in total) targeted at some of the most densely populated areas across the country.
Each multiplex in France can carry 13 programs. All 28 allotments have been awarded and are full, meaning an additional 364 DAB+ programs will go live on DAB+ throughout France in 2020. Regional, community and public service radios are now preparing the infrastructure.
They will start in 2020 along with the coverage of Bordeaux, Toulouse and surrounding cities (again, a clean sweep, with each of the six planned multiplex being full – 78 programs). The success of the application has a side effect: this will ease the economical equation for the radios that are part of the journey.
This summer of 2019, the pace will not abate, as more stations will have the opportunity to acquire DAB+ licences, with 15 calls for applications due to be opened. The idea is to propose DAB+ to a continuously larger proportion of the French population by 2021.
Last but not least, 18 national commercial radios, along with six programs of the public service , are getting together to lay the groundwork for the two national multiplexes that will ultimately cover the highways and main road networks in France.
The 24 stations were authorized by the regulator on 24 April 2019. Two multiplex operators (one for each multiplex of 12 radios) were proposed back to the regulator for authorization before the 24 June deadline. The same editors are also contemplating a coordinated communication strategy for the end user.
This picture would not be complete if we were not covering the equipment manufacturers’ readiness. While most of EU member states are in the process of transposing article 113 of the European Electronic Communications Code (EECC) by December 2020, French law  is already one step ahead. Since late December 2018, more than 20% of the French population  is covered by a digital terrestrial radio broadcast, which triggered the French receiver law, requiring — by mid 2020 at the latest – all new receivers (standalone or in a new car), to be equipped with DAB+. Distributors, manufacturers and the wider industry are now planning for this important transition in France, which accounts for over 5 million new receiver sales each year.
2019 is not just another year for DAB+ in France — as demonstrated by the launch of DAB+ in Nantes, it is a pivotal period for broadcasters to deploy DAB+, and offer more choice to continuously wider pool of listeners.
For the receiver manufacturer and car industries, it is a transition period that will allow to plan the production of receivers in 2020 and beyond and make the most of the opportunities offered by DAB+.
For the industry at large, collaboration will be the keyword to prepare and synchronize a much needed communication campaigns that will help educate the only person that matters — the listener.
 Bayonne, La Rochelle, Pau, Besançon, Dijon, Annecy, Annemasse, Chambéry, Grenoble, Saint-Etienne, Avignon, Toulon, Orléans, Poitiers, Tours
 Amiens, Angers, Brest, Caen, Clermont-Ferrand, Le Mans, Limoges, Metz, Montpellier, Nancy, Nîmes, Perpignan, Reims, Troyes et Rennes.
 France Inter, France Culture, France Info, France Musique, FIP et Mouv’ ; Fun Radio, RTL, RTL2 ; Chérie, Nostalgie, NRJ, Rire et Chansons ; Europe 1, RFM, Virgin Radio ; BFM Business, BFM Radio (new), RMC ; Air Zen (new) ; Latina, M Radio, Radio Classique, Skyrock